5 influential approaches to psychotherapy
Science is vast, and takes a lot to explain each and every single part of our world.
Shravani Kotapati
Author Shravani Kotapati Oct 22, 2019 About Life

Psychotherapy is a guide for any psychologist to understand their client's issue and provide an accurate solution. Science is vast, and takes a lot to explain each and every single part of our world.

Here I would like to brief you on different types of psychotherapies. Let's begin.

 

Psychoanalysis

This is one of the most popular methods of therapies. It was developed by Sigmund Freud in the early 1900s. Psychoanalysis basically deals with childhood traumas, conflicts in the unconscious mind and the effect of the same on mental development at a later stage.

This therapy is used to bring consciousness to the unconscious mind. A fine example of this therapy can be very surprising. A simple encounter with a stray dog can make you remember that forever. So whenever you see a dog, you’ll start to shiver. To disregard such unresolved conflicts from your mind, this influential therapy can be used.

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Behavior therapy

This type of therapy focuses primarily on the self-destructive and negative habits of human beings. This is aligned in such a way where you eventually unlearn all those negative habits.

This will not happen immediately though. The theory initially or mostly makes you work hard to improve your positive habits and activities. When the person is involved in such things that will improve his/her optimistic approach. A few techniques of this therapy include relaxation training, social skills training, etc.

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Cognitive therapy

This therapy is a little different from the above two. This is to focus on your current life, thought process, behavior, and way of your communication rather than digging into your experiences.

Basically, how you think about certain things will determine how you feel and that will, in turn, undermine your reaction (behavior) towards it. Emotional issues like anxiety, depression, panic attacks, etc. can be dealt with this technique.

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Humanistic therapy

This therapy is established to focus on the client's self-development, growth, and responsibilities. It influences people to concentrate on their strengths and thus changing them into strong human beings who can make the right choice as when and required.

The main goal is to bring self-awareness and self-acceptance in individuals in a positive way. When you accept who you are, you’ll eventually start to believe in yourself. The same feeling can yield success. That's the whole motto of this therapy.

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Integrative or holistic therapy

It is an approach that takes clients' entire life experiences into consideration for assessing and treatment purposes. Like we understood in other methodologies, certain specific incidents from the past can control the present and future. So depending on such scenarios psychologists will concentrate only on that particular wounded part. 

Here, entire life starting from birth is studied, understood and assessed to treat the client completely. Not just one approach, psychologists try to blend different approaches in this therapy to heal all sorts of wounds.

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Experts often realize where we need to be taken care of. Depending on the level of our depression, behavioral disturbances, etc. they put a lot of effort to bring us back to normal selves. Kudos to all counselors across the world.

References:
https://www.apa.org/topics/therapy/psychotherapy-approaches
https://www.goodtherapy.org/learn-about-therapy/types/psychoanalysis
https://sites.psu.edu/intropsychsp14n3/2014/02/02/an-example-of-psychoanalysis/
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Behaviour_therapy
http://www.cognitivetherapy.me.uk/cognitive_therapy.htm
https://examples.yourdictionary.com/examples-of-humanistic-perspective.html

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Dec 31, 1969
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